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Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus) - "The Tasmanian Tiger"

A carnivorous, pouched marsupial with a distinctive striped back and hindquarters.

The last known Thylacine, died in captivity at Hobart zoo in 1936. Abel Tasman, made the first reference to the Thylacine in 1642. He recorded, F. Jacobszoon, a crewman had found "footprints not ill-resembling the claws of a tiger" on the shores of Van Diemen's Land.

In April 1805, Commander of the Port Dalrymple settlement, Lieutenant, Governor William Paterson, reported "an animal of a truly singular and nouvel description was killed by dogs on the 30th of March, on a hill immediately contiguous to the settlement at Yorkton". The deputy surveyor of the colonies, trapped two male Thylacines near Hobart Town in 1807, with a kangaroo baited trap.

By 1830 settlers and their sheep were widely spread throughout Van Diemen's Land the losses of sheep were becoming a huge problem to the land owners. In 1830, The Van Diemen’s Land Company, introduced a bounty control for Thylacines, 5 shillings for every male, 7 shillings for every female ( with or without young ). By 1840 the bounty increased to 6 shillings for less than 10 carcasses, 8 shillings each for 10 - 20 and 10 shillings each for 20 or more carcasses.

A Government bounty control scheme was introduced after persistent lobbying by the land owners, the Tasmanian Government approved £ 500 for the total destruction of Thylacines The first Government bounty was paid in 1888, and the last bounty in 1909. £1 per adult carcass and 10 shillings per juvenile carcass.

The Thylacine species is now thought to be extinct.

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Between 1878 and 1909 a total of 4,821 Thylacines were slaughtered. The last Thylacine was captured in the Florentine Valley in 1933.

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